ethiopian women

A 21-year-old Bademe resident named Blen said that on November 5, 2020, she was kidnapped by soldiers from Eritrea and Ethiopia and held captive for 40 days together with an estimated 30 other women. Blen said that ” They raped us and starved us. They were too many who raped us in rounds. We were around 30 women they took… All of us were raped”. According to a previous study conducted by Afiyanti,8 over 85% of nurses believe that discussing sexuality with patients is a taboo and private topic.

  • Indepth interviews were done until saturation was reached, which occurred after 13 interviews when more data failed to reveal any new emergent codes or themes.17 The interviews took place in a private room at selected medical facilities.
  • There are Ethiopian-Israeli women who hold doctorates; other women have completed their MAs in law, social work, social sciences, or physiotherapy.
  • I felt sadness until I came here and knew there were other women who had similar problems to me.

Over 85 percent of Ethiopian women reside in rural areas, where households are engaged primarily in subsistence agriculture. In the countryside, women are integrated into the rural economy, which is often labor-intensive and exacts a heavy physical toll on all, including children. Land reform did not change their socioeconomic status, which was anchored in deep-rooted traditional values and beliefs. An improvement in economic conditions would improve the standard of living of women, but lasting change would also require a transformation in the attitudes of government officials and men regarding the roles of women.

Nurses should also be aware of and comprehend psychosexual issues to offer good care to patients with cancer and survivors. We thank our Debre Markos area project interviewers, Ms. Mihret Tesfu and Mr. Nakachew Mekonnen, and patient recruiters, Mr. Habtamu Chanie and Mr. Tebikew Yeneabat. We also offer our sincere appreciation to Ms. Hanna Seyoum for leading interviews and the focus group in Addis Ababa, as well as to Professor Dube Jara for guidance with project staffing, and Mr. Abate Zelem for providing access to women at MWECS. We are grateful for Dr. Abinet Sisay’s input in the conception of this project. Finally, we thank the women and health care providers who took the time to speak with us so openly. The second most frequent suggestion for improving care, from both providers and patients, was to increase community awareness of cervical cancer and prevention through community health education and outreach.

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Verification in results-based financing mechanisms is one of the key differentiators between it and related health financing structures such as social health insurance. Verifying that providers have achieved reported performance in RBF mechanisms is considered a crucial part of program implementation and key to maintaining trust through transparency, as well as the viability of the mechanism. Verification is however a process which has thus far been little studied. Information on the methodologies used in different settings , the effectiveness of the verification process, the direct and tangential effects, and the cost is scarce. Plan Nacer employs one of the largest RBF mechanisms in the world and is therefore an excellent case study for the role, methodology and effects of the verification process. A new report by the state’s rights watchdog assessed women and children rights conditions across the country from September to August 2022. The report says man made and natural disasters and consequent lack of protection from the government, society and family, exposed children to concurrent violations of basic rights.

She was specifically mentioned by Abiy as his choice to lead the Supreme Court when he informed parliamentarians that the court system needed to be better equipped “to properly fulfil demands made with reference to justice, democracy, and reform in our nation. A school-age girl is not allowed to attend school, with the excuse that she may be raped, abducted or harmed on the way to school.

Study design

Our findings suggest that for uninsured women who do not meet poverty thresholds for free care, paying for care out-of-pocket may be prohibitively expensive. Medical and other costs to patients for obtaining treatment for cervical cancer are high , and have been found elsewhere to reduce the ability to adhere to treatment . We also suggest that they examine ways to ensure that cervical cancer diagnostic, pharmaceutical, and social support services are available at a wider range of public facilities so that women are not forced into expensive private care. Expanding services may require new revenue-generating mechanisms such as tobacco, alcohol, and sugar-sweetened beverage taxes, which can also play a role in preventing non-communicable diseases . One of the most frequent suggestions by both providers and patients for improving care was to expand screening, diagnosis, and treatment services.

Most Beautiful Ethiopian Women with Perfect Facial Features

The additional individual interviews and the focus group with women receiving supportive care in Addis Ababa were conducted at MWECS by two professional qualitative researchers from Addis Ababa University , in Afaan Oromoo and Amharic, respectively. In-service provider training should be intensified and should include discussions of cervical cancer symptoms. Expanded cervical cancer health education should focus on stigma reduction and emphasize a broad, wide-spread risk of cervical cancer.

She is without a doubt a super sexualized being

Although we could decern no difference in the themes that emerged from interviews with women in the early or late stages of care, it is possible that their care patterns differ. Women in the early stages of care could face fewer delays than women with more advanced disease because the care they require might be less specialized and more available than cancer treatment. However, it is also plausible that these women might experience even more severe delays and poor provider communication than symptomatic women because their cases are not seen as urgent. Much remains to be done to adequately meet even the currently low levels of demand for services, however. Only a handful of the facilities sampled in this study were providing screening services, a finding in keeping with a recent Ministry of Health report that found that only 16% of health facilities in the country were offering screening . Moreover, as other studies in low-income settings have found provider knowledge of cervical cancer screening and treatment best practice is patchy, particularly for mid-level providers . Providers’ poor knowledge of symptoms and lack of knowledge of appropriate protocols may explain why so many of the women in our sample were initially misdiagnosed.

In the 2008–2012 period, almost 40% of the 2300 patients with cervical cancer who registered at the radiological clinic at Tikkur Ambessa never received therapy . Patient-centred care and comprehensive support programmes in Ethiopia require a thorough understanding of women’s lived experiences of sexuality after treatment. However, there is a scarcity of research on women’s sexual experiences and adjustment after cervical cancer treatment in Ethiopia. Little is known about how women with gynaecological cancer deal with changes in their sexuality as a result of treatment, what kinds of sexual issues they have, how distressing they are or how they deal with them. The purpose of this study was to explore women’s sexual experiences and coping strategies for sexual problems after undergoing gynaecological cancer therapy at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital Oncology Center. Providers lacked equipment and space to screen and treat patients and only 16% had received in-service cervical cancer training.

As women tend to access care when ill even less than men in Ethiopia, even though they experience greater disease incidence , the need to increase broad community awareness of the seriousness of cervical cancer and of the remedies is critical. Public awareness campaigns may, in part, help shift some men’s view that women should only access treatment when they are bedridden, as described by respondents. Family-focused campaigns that encourage young women who are receiving vaccinations to encourage their mothers to be screened may also be a promising strategy for increasing demand for screening services. The tone of such campaigns should be actively welcoming and anti-stigmatizing as women may be particularly prone to both perceiving and holding stigmatizing attitudes about cancer .

Even the civil code affirmed the woman’s inferior position, and such rights as ownership of property and inheritance varied from one ethnic group to another. Patients noted that in order to decrease stigma, health education should include positive (as opposed to fear-based) messages that cervical cancer was preventable and treatable. While many providers acknowledged the difficulty that patients have in asking questions on topics where discussion is socially discouraged, some still placed responsibility on patients to raise issues and direct their own care. Women expressed a strong preference for receiving care close to where they live, especially given their compromised health. This patient’s statement reveals her fatigue and desire for emotional support from providers. The main themes and sub-themes found in the data reflected both our research aims (e.g., barriers to care, sources of delay, low service availability) and emergent trends (e.g., poor provider-patient communication). Audio files were simultaneously transcribed and translated into English by a professional translator.

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